State-Society Synergy for Accountability: Lessons for the World Bank (World Bank Working Papers)

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Growing recognition that information is not a magic bullet is leading to efforts to understand why. This blog builds on a recent academic review of 48 studies involving information-led inventions, which concludes that the power to act on information matters. This suggests bringing power to the center of the analysis, rather than leaving it to be discovered as a finding.

These diverse change strategies, informed by power analysis and the search for state-society synergy , are certainly hard to measure. These three propositions drawn from rethinking the experimental literature suggest the following takeaways. Broad-based, constituency-led change initiatives may be more promising than locally-bounded, tool-led approaches. Grounded campaigns may have more leverage than externally-designed interventions. Take the fear factor into account.

This suggests proactive measures to bolster the enabling environment for collective action by reducing both actual and perceived risks associated with voice. Being strategic involves listening to strategists. This suggests co-designing change initiatives with actual change agents, who may well know more about how power is distributed and exercised than most scholars. To sum up, this is a good time to reassess both theories of change and how they are tested.

Building in the power analysis up front is a good place to start.

Critical voices on the world bank and IMF

To watch the videos of the 3ie-IEG conference sessions, click here. To find out more about the innovative work we supported through the 3ie Transparency and Accountability in Natural Resources Evidence Programme, click here. It primarily features contributions from staff and board members. Guest blogs are by invitation. Any errors or omissions are the sole responsibility of the authors. Views expressed are their own and do not represent the opinions of 3ie, its board of commissioners or supporters. How can a rethink of lessons from field experiments inform future research in transparency, participation and accountability?

Measuring open defecation behaviour in India. Open opportunities Bursary programme. Breadcrumb Home Blogs How can a rethink of lessons from field experiments inform future research in transparency, participation and accountability? Evidence Matters Towards equitable, inclusive and sustainable development.

Jonathan Fox 29 May Experiments that use very indirect indicators of participation or accountability may fall short of actually measuring what they say they measure. This leads to slippage between links in the causal chain that we postulate connects transparency, participation and accountability. To mention just a couple of examples of fuzzy proxies from influential studies, official informational posters on the walls of clinics are not indicators of community monitoring. McDonough Innovation provides design and materials science expertise.

Experience in Solving Solid Waste Problems Case Studies 1 Regarding the cases of the Philippines and Laos discussed in Chapter 3, the effectiveness, success factor, and obstacles were analyzed based on interview with the relevant people and a field study. Management of Solid Waste in Ghana. Wastewater treatment system design, build or upgrade.


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There are many easy and practical ways that YOU can reduce the amount of solid waste you produce, and keep Tobago clean and beautiful. Legazpi City, Philippines. This study has contributed to an understanding of three aspects of solid waste management in sub-Saharan Africa: the relationship of gender to waste management, the need to promote urban agriculture and create demand for organic waste, and the environmental and health significance of The increasing municipal solid waste MSW generation along with the high fraction of organic waste and a common disposal of open dumping is the current scenario in many areas in Thailand.


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Financial viability of E-waste management has been discussed for effective and sustainable E-waste management. In addition the remediation of waste sites is an important issue, both to reduce hazards whilst operational and to prepare the site for a change of use e.

PD has further mandated specific guidelines to manage municipal wastes solid and liquid , sanitary landfill and incineration, and disposal sites in the Philippines.

Civil society - state interactions in national health systems | WHO/TARSC Annotated bibliography

Interviews were conducted on key informants. Policies are necessary for planning, design and operation of the solid waste management programs. Environmental sampling e. The study assessed the medical waste a useless "waste", we have come to realize that much of what we once threw away can be used again many times over. Caponpon, Alyssa Marie C.

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S Gwalior I. All living organisms create waste, but humans create far more waste than other species. The aim of the study is to examine the existing solid waste management cycle and potential related value chains in the KRI and identify entry points to create additional livelihoods and self- employment opportunities through the processing of waste e. Related 3. Published in June by the Asian Development Bank, this practical guide covers the main topics related to integrated solid waste management, including over 40 case studies involving all facets of ISWM programs.

Nickolas J.

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Still, waste collection rates are often lower than 70 per cent in low-income countries [3]. Waste and recycling case studies. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Louis, Illinois Lara Brooks. No recorded case of mental retardation among the newly born infants. Ejaz1, Z. Creation of a community-based solid waste management program in the Philippines.

There were four research objectives to be achieved with the study. Solid waste management is a term that is used to refer to the process of collecting and treating solid wastes. Another study on waste management practices of hospitals. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, pollution, and outbreaks of disease. This data-centric focus has a direct and positive impact on efficiency and cost-reduction It is a disposal method in which solid organic wastes are subjected to combustion so as to convert them into residue and gaseous products.

Layne Coppock Department: Environment and Society As the world becomes more urbanized and developed consumption rates are on the rise. Additionally, a good solid waste management plan with cost recovery mechanisms can free tax payers money for other issues. But we can do more and get others who are not doing well to do better.

Ali1 Abstract. Planning the waste management and recycling for all of the rubbish produced in this country is an enormous task which involves both logistical planning and scientific knowledge and understanding 4. To stem it nationwide, a concerted effort is needed from the ground-up, one that actively involves community members in the discussion.

The Flow and Management of Municipal Solid Waste Solid waste arises from human activities—domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, waste water treat-ment, and so on. The first objective was to study the characteristics of solid waste management practices in Hambantota Municipal council. Arago, Michelle G. Today, the urban areas of Asia produce about , tonnes of So in this study we will focus on the implementation of solid waste management.

Solid Waste Management. It is, however, only in the last few years that the waste issue has moved up on the Management of solid waste mainly landfills and incineration releases a number of toxic substances, most in small quantities and at extremely low levels.


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As long as liumans have been living in settled communities, solid waste, or garbage, has been an issue, and modern societies generate far more solid waste than early humans ever did. Nigerian threatened environment, solid waste problems. The management of these wastes is an issue of great concern and importance in view of potential public health risks associated with such wastes.

Management of solid wastes in the Philippines has long been a responsibility of the This study aims to determine the solid waste management practices in selected. Printed on recycled paper. Read this article to learn about types, sources, effects and methods of solid waste management! Solid waste management is a polite term for garbage management. Solid waste generation rates and composition vary from country to country depending on the economic situation, industrial structure, waste management 6 Solid Waste Planning and Disposal 1. Waste management. There are opportunities to reduce CH 4 emissions by collecting the CH 4 containing landfill gas and using it to fuel boilers, engines, or other technologies.

Nisar1, N. PN: This process reduces the volumes of solid waste to 30 percent of the original volume. Some of the Solid or municipal solid waste management refers to the planning, financing and implementation of programs for solid waste collection, transportation, treatment and final disposal in an environmentally and socially acceptable manner. Grace P. Case Study: Philippine Development Plan The Philippines also targeted unemployment, inequality, resilience, and several other factors.

Toward sustainable municipal organic waste management in South Asia: A guidebook for policy makers and practitioners. Geron, Maela P. Journal of Environmental Health, 71 5 , The following Channel Guide will help you: Better understand the currently available smart waste management tracking systems and how they work. Nigerian Environmental Action Study Team.

The large percentage of uncollected or illegally dumped waste in Freetown constitutes a disaster for human health and is also a cause of the Solid Waste Management. The survey was conducted in Bole and Akaki Kality sub-city. Abstract—This study was conducted to determine some issues and concerns of solid waste management in the city of Marawi, Philippines.

The archipelago consists of seventy- Leading the development of a year Metro Manila Flood Management Master plan, Stoutjesdijk said that while the Bank has engaged in flood management for a long time in many cities around the world, the plan is one of the first ones that has looked at flood management in a very integrated manner. The perception of waste as an unwanted material with no intrinsic value has dominated attitudes towards disposal.

The Garbage Book presents the solid waste crisis in Metro Manila.