Textiles : history, properties and performance and applications

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Published: 15th Dec 2015

New developments in polymers and additives enable a wide number of properties and functions to be imparted to textiles. Technical textiles, which are primarily functional, are produced for the agricultural, automotive, protective and sports clothing, domestic and industrial sectors, amongst others. Smart textiles feature properties that are either esthetic or functional. They can light up or change color, for example. The numerous functions that can now be incorporated in textiles include enhancement and measurement of athletic performance, heart monitoring, regulation of body temperature, and protection of the wearer against environmental hazards such as radiation.

Polymers are not inherently resistant to UV light. Absorption of radiation by any component in the synthetic fiber system can ultimately lead to degradation.

Synthetic fibers can be designed for numerous end uses

Fiber additives can prevent or inhibit the absorption of radiation and counteract degradation. They are therefore essential to synthetic fibers in the textile industry, especially those intended for outdoor applications such as synthetic turf and awnings as well as for indoor items that are exposed to light through windows, for example carpeting.


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Leveraging its many years of industry knowledge and manufacturing experience, SONGWON develops, manufactures and supplies a broad variety of polymer stabilizers that protect synthetic fibers and plastics against thermal and oxidation degradation during processing and use, thereby prolonging the life of the end product. They are designed to give textile producers competitive edge and help them meet their end-use requirements.

What is PERFORMANCE FABRICS? What does PERFORMANCE FABRICS mean? PERFORMANCE FABRICS meaning

TPU resins combine a variety of properties that are ideal for the manufacture of films used in high-performance textile and industrial lamination applications. Superabsorbent polymers are suitable for applications requiring high water absorbency and excellent heat stability. Do you have questions or are there technical matters you would like to discuss?

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NPTEL :: Textile Engineering - Textile Fibres

Please just complete the form below. Our specialists are always happy to help and will get back to you promptly. This website intends to use cookies to improve the site and your experience. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to accept our use of cookies. Textile and Fibers Structuring the fabric of the future Synthetic fibers, which account for about half of all fiber usage, are made from synthesized polymers based on raw materials such as petroleum.


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Synthetic fibers can be designed for numerous end uses Four synthetic fibers — polyester, polyamide nylon , acrylic and polyolefin — dominate the textile market. Functional textiles are continuously developing New developments in polymers and additives enable a wide number of properties and functions to be imparted to textiles.

Structuring the fabric of the future

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Textile and Fibers

What is the goal of your project? The harvest is carried out a week after maturation. The first operation after harvesting is husking, which permits the removal of the fibres from the seeds. Then the cotton is carded and combed so as to eliminate all the impurities. The requisites on the basis of which to judge the quality of the cotton are the grade, the colour and the length of the fibers as well as the character.

The grade us given by the external apperance of the cotton and is determind on the basis. The colour is another imporant element of evaluation of cotton.


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The length is the most important attribute of the fiber. Long staple cotton originates usually from the USA, whereas the shorter come from Asian regions. The character is the attribute determined with more difficulty. It is partly conntected with the cotton's origin, variety and maturity.